It is low in THC. Bast fibers are long and found in the bark, while hurd fibers are short and found in the stem. A hemp is a non-psychoactive form of cannabis. Its seed is a food product and has medicinal value, along with the root. Sunn hemp (Crotalaria juncea L.) is a multipurpose tropical and subtropical legume grown in many countries, notably India, mainly for its high-quality fibre. In fact, the word “canvas” comes from the French chanevaz, literally meaning “made of hemp.” Hemp plants produce significantly more usable fiber than cotton or flax and tend to be stronger and more versatile. It has been used to replace wood to build breathable homes. The stalks are then chopped and allowed to dry for a while. The retting is over when the color of the stems changes to a slightly dark beige with small, dark spots. Manila hemp, also known as abacá, is a type of buff-colored fiber obtained from Musa Textilis (a relative of edible bananas), which is likewise called Manila hemp as well as abacá. It yields about 25–30 leaves at each harvest. Items like hemp paper, cloth, rope, and other supplies were constructed from the bast fibers of hemp plants, which are some of the strongest in the world. It is also used as a food and is not the same as cannabinoids used for intoxication purposes. It is thought to have originated as a hybrid between G. speciosa and G. pubescens. Watch this video to know more about hemp species. For even retting, they should be turned over when they start changing color from green to pale yellow and must be picked up at the right time to avoid over-retting. The narcotic content is because of tetra-hydro-cannabinol content (THC) which is as much as 20% and causes the high when smoked. Hemp fibres have been used for centuries to manufacture clothes, bags, shoes, paper, building materials, and insulation purposes. Water retting involves soaking the dry hemp stems is bacteria-filled water tanks, ponds, or rivers. Long hemp fibers can be spun and woven to fine quality fabric used in clothing, home furnishing textiles and floor coverings. The short … Automobile companies like BMW use hemp fiber to reinforce door panels for better safety and lighter weight. The male plants blossom faster than females and do not produce as much fiber. Hemp fibers are primarily used for textiles, paper, building materials, and other industrial products. The ecological footprint of hemp fiber is one-third to half that of US cotton, according to a 2010. Industrial hemp, fiber hemp or medical hemp, as a rule, create unnecessary confusion because they differ in the purpose of use, the name does not reflect botanical differences but the differences in the ratio and the number of active substances. Common hemp-nettle is a very variable species in flower colour and leaf shape. The most common emphasis with this term is on standardization and wider understanding of this term, which is not per se limited to “medical hemp” as a substance but a broader range of factors. Hemp fibre can be used to make paper much like wood fibre. “Hemp” consists of genetic strains that are higher in Cannabidiol (CBD) while “marijuana” strains are higher in tetrahydrocannabidiol (THC). It is not common in North America. Sailors used the fabric to make canvas sails for ships (the word ‘canvas’ comes from ‘cannabis.’). The global market for hemp consists of more than 25,000 products in nine submarkets: agriculture, textiles, recycling, automotive, furniture, food and beverages, paper, construction materials, and personal care. Hemp was used for paper, for clothing, and for rope. The Stalk Plastic Composites - A mixture of hemp fiber, flax, fiberglass and kenaf is being used to create composite parts for large vehicle manufacturers such as Mercedes, BMW and jaguar They should be stored in a dry, less humid environment limiting any sort of water penetration to avoid mold. Hemp is not something which is 0.3% less than THC. Only the outer layer of the Cannabis sativa stalk is used for textile purposes; the inner, woody layer is commonly used for fuel, building materials, and animal bedding. Get in touch with us today if you have any questions about our product suite. Even in countries with cooler climates like England, hemp was grown and spun into tough ropes used for a variety of purposes. Also, the products produced with hemp are sustainable. Sunn hemp foliage can be used as a protein source to supplement poor quality roughage. Manila hemp, also known as abacá, is a type of buff-colored fiber obtained from Musa Textilis (a relative of edible bananas), which is likewise called Manila hemp as well as abacá. It has poor fiber quality and is used to make drugs for recreation and medicine. Hemp, cannabis plant cultivated for its useful bast fiber and nutritious edible seeds. What is Hemp? The plant itself, Cannabis sativa L., is usually tall and branched. The term medical hemp (medical cannabis) in different countries is interpreted very differently, for example in some cases it means a high concentration of THC, in some others a high concentration of CBD, while in the third it means a standardized product. - but specifically hemp refers to plants of the Cannabis Sativa family. Some are edged with thornlike projections. Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the active ingredient of marijuana, is the main difference between the different species. They can be blended with other fabrics to increase durability. Hemp has long been known for its 25,000+ potential product uses thanks to its fibrous makeup and versatile seeds. For instance, all of the ropes found in the naval vessel Old Ironsides are hemp, as well all the ropes in sailing vessels of the time. Hemp is also being used in nutritional supplements and medicinal and therapeutic products, including pharmaceuticals. Harvesting industrial hemp involves using a combine. The best fibers have properties like other fiber crops like flax. Currently, more than 30 nations grow industrial hemp as an agricultural commodity, which is sold on the world market. Marijuana and hemp are different in their appearance, growing methods, chemical makeup, and potential uses. The fiber is made from the stalks and undergoes a multistep process to deliver a satisfactory outcome of the yield. Hemp is an agricultural commodity that is cultivated for use in the production of a wide range of products, including foods and beverages, cosmetics and personal care products, nutritional supplements, fabrics and textiles, yarns and spun fibers, paper, construction and insulation materials, and other manufactured goods. Bio-mass and seed production will be reduced if plants do not receive enough sun and warmth throughout the growing season. The plant is relatively short, conical and densely branched. Hemp fiber is one of the dominant classes of bast natural fibers, commonly procured from the hemp plant with the species of Cannabis. The plants are laid in the field for 4-6 weeks, during which the bacteria on the plant’s surface will break down the outer layer. The plant can be ploughed down for green manure in the early flowering stage. It’s one of the fastest growing plants and its parts are used for a range of products, including food, clothing, rope and natural remedies. It withstands laundering – each time it is washed, the fibers become softer and finer. A long standing use for bast fibers are their use in textiles. Yes, they are both derived from and classified under the Cannabis sativa plant, but hemp is very different from marijuana in terms of chemical makeup, cultivation, and uses. What is hemp used for if it can’t be smoked? Try sprinkling hemp seeds over a salad or as a topping on granola, puddings, or other desserts. Hemp has been grown industrially for thousands of years to produce paper, textiles, food, biodegradable plastics, and much more. Cannabis sativa L. is generally tall and randomly branched, high in fibre and grain. Hemp fiber has been used for the production of many items throughout ancient history. Hemp fiber can also be used to create these paper products. - Hemp contains all 10 essential amino acids, making it a good plant-based protein source. It also occurs in damp places and woodland clearings and is common throughout the UK. Some of the celebrity clothing labels that use hemp fibers are Ralph Lauren, Armani and Calvin Klein. Hemp fibers grow up to 15 feet in length and are extremely durable. Retting is a process that involves the use of microbes and moisture to dissolve the tough cellular tissue of the hemp stalk. The primary hemp fiber is attached to the core fiber by Pectin – a glue-like soluble gelatinous carbohydrate. The flower stalk, which appears near the end of the plant’s life, some 8 to 10 years after planting, grows up to 12.2 metres (40 feet) and bears white flowers about 3.8 cm (1.5 inches) long. CBD and THC are the principal cannabinoids (among several) found in cannabis. Bast fibers can be cleaned, spun and then woven or knitted into many fabrics suitable for durable and comfortable clothing and housewares. Dry spinning is also possible, but the outcome is coarser. Hackling is when short and medium-sized fibers are combed out of the stalk. It can substitute for wood fiber in pulp and paper production. This kind of flowering is also known as auto-flowering. Hemp, also known as industrial hemp, is a non-psychoactive strain of cannabis. There are three species of the hemp plant: Cannabis sativa L., Cannabis indica and Cannabis ruderalis. Industrial Hemp Fiber is an item added by Immersive Engineering. It was once used mainly to make Manila rope, but this is now of minor importance. The Many Uses of Hemp 1. The hurd of hemp stalks can also be used as a fiberglass substitute, or in stucco and mortar. They can also be used in baking and cooking, though the nutritional content is at its highest in its raw state. It is quick-drying and prevents the growth of bacteria and mildew, making it anti-microbial. - A fiber, a drug, or a plant. This is because hemp has fibrous stalks, which are great for weaving into cloth. The hemp strands have microscopic alcoves, making them extremely breathable and absorbent. The slender cane-like stalks are hollow except at the tip and base. Marijuana is commonly trimmed of its leaves and stalks down to the flowering buds which are then smoked or consumed as a recreational, medical, or spiritual psychoactive drug. Hemp fibers are also used in automobile industry for reinforcing molded thermoplastics. While the hemp plant does contain tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the primary intoxicating component in marijuana, it does not have a high enough concentration of THC to actually get you intoxicated. Hemp, or industrial hemp, is a variety of the Cannabis sativa plant species that is grown specifically for industrial use. Found in the stalk of the plant, hemp's fiber is considered green and eco-friendly. Hemp plants are warmth-loving (thermophilic) and sun-loving (heliotropic). Cannabis indica tends to have a higher Δ9-THC and a lower Cannabidiol (CBD) content than C. Sativa L. Marijuana, dependent on the strain, can have THC concentrations of 18% to 38%. Hemp is one of the lightest fibers available, giving clothes a lightweight and breathable feel. Copyright © by Nugistics 2020. Hemp is a strain of the Cannabis sativaplant species with a rich history in industrial, food and health-related uses. Hemp lost much of its commercial value when the cotton gin was invented, making cotton easier to process than hemp. Hemp harvest equipment such as a disc mower or sickle mower would work even better. Hemp has been used for centuries to make rope, canvas and paper. A subspecies of Cannabis is known as hemp. If you want to know more about their difference, then let us know in the comment section below. Its growing popularity suggests history repeating itself once again as hemp was one of the first and most common plants to be made into fabric about 10,000 years ago. Well-crafted hemp textiles are durable, breathability and have strong thermal qualities, as well as being mildew-resistant and hypoallergenic. It falls into two categories. Numerous individuals still don't understand that marijuana and hemp are the same plants with the same genus and species, named either Cannabis sativa or Cannabis indica. This type of retting is inexpensive but usually delivers poorer quality fiber compared to other types of retting. Let’s get to know some of them. It softens the pectin and allows for further separation of fibers. It can be useful as an intercropping species, in cereal fields or for other cash crops. Raw materials such as hurds, or shives, are short woody fibers typically found inside the stalk. Although only the hemp plant yields true hemp, several other plant fibres are called “hemp.” These include Indian hemp (Apocynum cannabinum), Mauritius Hemp (Furcraea foetida), Sunn Hemp (Crotalaria juncea) and many more. According to the United States Department of Agriculture, industrial hemp includes “the plant Cannabis sativa L. and any part or derivative of such plant, including seeds of such plant, whether growing or not, that is used exclusively for industrial purposes (fiber and seed) with a tetrahydrocannabinol concentration of not more than 0.3 percent on a dry weight basis.” Hemp is a term used for a wide variety of crops used for their tough bast fibers - indian hemp, manila hemp etc. It is used in many industries including paper, biodegradable plastic, construction, health food, chemical clean-ups, and fuel. Using more hemp fiber for building promotes the preservation of trees and, in turn, an overall better environment. However, as people have become aware of the environmental benefits of … Leather can be expensive, but hemp fiber is a lot cheaper, not as time-consuming, and does not harm animals. Any woody particles are removed and then aligned for spinning accordingly. A mixture of fiberglass, hemp fiber, kenaf, and flax has been used to make composite panels for automobiles. Though it is hard to bleach the naturally dark color of hemp fiber, it can be dyed in bright or darker colors and does not fade easily. Like THC, CBD is psychoactive, but the extremely low concentration will not induce any sort of narcotic high. The hemp stalks contain two types of fibers – bast fibers and hurd fibers. The primary hemp fibers can be used for composites, reinforcements, and specialty pulp and paper. It is mostly used for pulping for a range of uses, including speciality papers. It also sheds a microscopic layer that avoids soiling and exposes a fresh surface. Nugistics is headquartered in Phoenix, Arizona. Hemp is the most versatile natural resource. Hemp has also been used to make shoes that are comfortable and sturdy instead of leather. Hemp is actually better suited for paper production than wood as it contains much more cellulose. This fiber has some very incredible properties. This can be achieved through a machine called a decorticator. Hemp vs. Wood for Paper In a shorter period, hemp can produce the same amount of pulp and in a smaller area than trees. Hemp fibers also can be blended with other fibers, such as cotton and linen, for specific textures and performance. It is also a more expensive method and requires a hemp grower to properly manage the process. They are best harvested soon after they reach maturity, which is shown by full blossoms and shedding pollen of the male plants. There are three main types of retting: Field or dew retting is the only type of retting that can be done on-farm, while the other types require some sort of special facility. Apart from its medicinal use, the hemp plant is also largely utilized to make hemp fiber. Hemp Fiber Textiles. Fig: Products of hemp fiber. Some of the first ropes ever were made from hemp fiber. Hemp can be grown as a fiber, seed, or dual-purpose crop. It was once used mainly to make Manila rope, but this is now of minor importance. The plant has lance-shaped leaves growing directly from the short plant stalk to form a dense rosette. Here is a video explaining what exactly is cannabis-hemp as a Hindi vlog. Most female hemp fields include some male plants scattered amongst them. It requires about three and a half months with 10-12 inches of rainfall to grow adequately. Seed-producing flowers form elongate, spikelike clusters growing on the pistillate, or female, plants. Industrial hemp is grown for a number of uses – clothes, rope, food, and much more.