Biological Conservation 141:1600—1611. Introduction page ), and description of a new species from Australia. Genetic structure of the beaked whale genus Berardius in the North Pacific, with genetic evidence for a new species. In press. The super-tree analysis by Nyakatura and Bininda-Emonds (2012) accords with the phylogenetic analysis of Higdon et al. San Diego, California, USA. 1993. Authors are encouraged to provide formal descriptions following ICZN rules based on robust data showing an appropriate subspecies or species criterion is met. 2007. If so, then learning the names of sea animals is a great way to add to your existing vocabulary as well as giving you an advantage when it comes to talking about these animals. McGowen, M. R. 2011. I believe that Phoca vitulina (and P. v. vitulina) should be followed by the author name and year without parentheses, since the species was listed as such in Linnaeus’ original writing. West Indian manatee, Trichechus senegalensis Link, 1795. Almost a million square miles of sea make up the country’s surrounding waters, with a major part lying in the Coral Triangle, an area that contains the world’s highest coral diversity.These waters contain more than 2,500 species of fish and over 500 species … Atlantic humpback dolphin, Sousa chinensis (Osbeck, 1765). Australian humpback dolphin, Sahul dolphin, Sotalia fluviatilis (Gervais and Deville in Gervais, 1853). (2013). Two genetically distinct stocks in Baird’s beaked whale (Cetacea: Ziphiidae). The dusky dolphin’s place in the delphinid family tree. Consensus on some issues has not been possible; this is reflected in the footnotes. Every year Scripps Oceanographic Collections staff and researchers discover new species of marine creatures. Two subspecies of A. philippii are thought to be biologically distinct: A. p. philippii and A. p. townsendi, although small sample sizes and a small number of genes sampled are concerns. Viaud-Martinez, K. A., R. L. Brownell, Jr., A. Komnenou, and A. J. Bohanak. Indian Ocean humpback dolphin, Sousa sahulensis Jefferson and Rosenbaum, 2014. Antarctic fur seal, Arctocephalus philippii (Peters, 1866). This list follows the Society's taxonomy regarding and subspecies. Hector’s beaked whale, Mesoplodon hotaula Deraniyagala, 1963. This list includes living and recently extinct (within historical times) species and subspecies. However, molecular genetic evidence from mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and nuclear introns (Banguera-Hinestroza et al. Marine Mammal Science 27:769—792. https://doi.org/10.1002/jmor.21121. Mediterranean monk seal, Neomonachus tropicalis (Gray, 1850). The long-lost holotype skull of the gray seal Halichoerus grypus has been rediscovered and shown by DNA analysis to hail from the Baltic rather than from Greenland as previously thought (Olsen et al. Hawaiian monk seal, Pagophilus groenlandicus (Erxleben, 1777). (2015) noted that because the sympatric/parapatric long-beaked and short-beaked common dolphins off California in the Eastern North Pacific (ENP) appear not to interbreed, perhaps the ENP long-beaked common dolphins might be recognized as a separate species D. bairdii Dall,1873 (as advocated by Banks and Brownell (1969) based on the long-beaked condition). Direct contact can fix errors a lot faster and more efficient than the WoRMS Team having to learn about these through peer-reviewed publications. (2016) argued the case for a diphyletic origin for pinnipeds. Fontaine M. C., Roland K., Calves I., Austerlitz F., Palstra F. P., Tolley K. A., Ryan S., Ferreira M., Jauniaux T., Llavona Á., Öztürk B., Oztürk A. Caspian seal, Pusa sibirica (Gmelin, 1788). B. Moreno. Description of a new dolphin, the Australian snubfin dolphin Orcaella heinsohni sp. Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology no. Marine Mammal Science, 35: 957–1057. Taxonomic status of two subspecies of South American fur seals: Arctocephalus australis australis vs. A. a. gracilis. Molecular and morphological differentiation of common dolphins (Delphinus sp.) Why we should develop guidelines and quantitative standards for using molecular genetic data to delimit subspecies for data-poor organisms like cetaceans. (2016), Wickert et al. Andrews’ beaked whale, Mesoplodon carlhubbsi Moore, 1963. Common names are listed, if known. It stipulated the maintenance of photo databases of individual specimens and the collection of genetic and migration data in order to better understand the species, which remains at risk from ship collisions and … Humpback whale, ODONTOCETI (toothed whales, dolphins and porpoises: 76 species, of which one possibly extinct), Physeter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758. Jefferson, T. A. and J. Y. Wang. 1994. Pygmy killer whale, Globicephala macrorhynchus Gray, 1846. Northern right-whale dolphin, Lissodelphis peronii (Lacépède, 1804). (2013) proposed recognizing four species of, Costa et al. Journal of Mammalogy 97:1728—1737. Canadian Journal of Zoology 98:461–479. Gardner, A. L. and C. B. Robbins. 2005; Agnarsson and May-Collado, 2008).1 Below the rank of order, we list only families, genera, species and subspecies, omitting superfamilies, subfamilies and taxa of other ranks. Species concepts and species delineation. Zoologica Scripta 38:113—127. 2006). Kolokotronis, M. Krützen, G. J. Parra, T. Collins, G. Minton, R. Baldwin, P. Berggren, A. Särnblad, O. Ecological divergence and speciation in common bottlenose dolphins in the western South Atlantic. Journal of Biogeography 37:814—829. Luksenburg, J. Lynx Ediciones, Barcelona. (2016), and Hohl et al. Wada, S., M. Oishi and T. K. Yamada. Contributions to Science of the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles City 442:1—35. Heaviside’s dolphin, Haviside’s dolphin, Cephalorhynchus hectori (Van Bénéden, 1881). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0140251. However, Species 2000's Catalogue of Life (CoL) has inventoried over 1.2 million (Bisby et al. 2008. Bryde’s whales Balaenoptera edeni/brydei. Marine Species Identification Portal: information on thousands of different species in the world's oceans and seas. (2014) found the Caribbean and Hawaiian monk seals to be more closely related molecularly and morphologically to each other than either is to the Mediterranean monk seal and created the new genus Neomonachus for the two species. BMC Evolutionary Biology 7:216. doi.org/10.1186/1471-2148-7-216. 2008. 2014. (2014) did not recognize I. g. humboldtiana. (2020) paired morphological and genetic data from samples collected from both forms in southern Brazil and found strong congruence between morphological and mitochondrial and nuclear divergence; genetic differentiation was also observed in Oliveira et al. Springer-Verlag, New York. Marine Biology 119:150—167. 2009. Dear Giuseppe, Biological Journal of the Linnaen Society 102:812—827. Wyss, A. R. and J. Flynn. (2019) provided morphological evidence, supported by genetic data (Morin et al. 2008. Naming them can be a little daunting when a new one is discovered. A., Ridoux V., Rogan E., Sequeira M., Siebert U., Vikingsson G. A., Borrell A., Michaux J. R., Aguilar A., 2014 Postglacial climate changes and rise of three ecotypes of harbour porpoises, Phocoena phocoena, in western Palearctic waters. Catalog of living whales. Chungungo, marine otter, Neovison macrodon (Prentis, 1903). ), Adv. Banguera-Hinestroza, E., M. Cárdenas, M. Ruiz-García, M. Marmontel, E. Gaitán, R. Vázquez and F. García-Vallejo. A. Coyne. Clymene dolphin, Stenella coeruleoalba (Meyen, 1833). 2006. In the odontocetes, Mesoplodon traversii (spade-toothed whale) was recognized as the senior synonym for M. bahamondi (Bahamonde’s beaked whale) (van Helden et al. In particular, further work is needed to better identify the distribution of the gephyreus form and determine its phylogenetic relationship to coastal and offshore Tursiops in the western North Atlantic and throughout Caribbean waters. Natoli, A., A. Cañadas, V. M. Peddemors, A. Aguilar, C. Vaquero, P. Fernandez-Piqueras et al. 2012. 2011. The Amazon River system as an ecological barrier driving genetic differentiation of the pink dolphin (Inia geoffrensis). Some divers and researchers who have been blessed to bring new marine creatures to the public have quite the sense of humor when it comes to giving their discoveries names. Bibliography and index of the Sirenia and Desmostylia. It has been noted repeatedly, most recently by Perrin et al. Viaud-Martinez et al. Oliveira, L. R. D., L. D. Fraga, P. H. Ott, S. Siciliano, F. Lopes, R. Almeida, J. C. Wickert, L. Milmann, D. Danilewicz, N. R. Emin-Lima and A. C. Meirelles. 2007. However, considering that this would obscure the clear close relationship of the present Sousa and Tursiops species, the status quo is maintained here provisionally, pending the outcome of more definitive morphological and molecular studies. PLoS ONE 6(0) e24047. A phylogenetic analysis and definition of the Carnivora. At issue are 1) the conflicting support among data sets for a sister-taxa relationship between L. albirostris and L. acutus (which would obviate the need for Leucopleurus), and 2) evidence that australis and cruciger should be included in Cephalorhynchus (which would necessitate a new genus for obliquidens and obscurus, as australis is the type species for the genus Sagmatias). 2011. Biol. However, there is continued debate on this subject as Koretsky et al. 2008), as is the Black Sea common dolphin (Natoli et al. Primary objection to the changes focused on remaining uncertainties in some relationships and the potential confusion that may be created if the proposed changes require further revision in the near future. Therefore, the name T. truncatus should continue to be used for the common bottlenose dolphin to maintain stability. Weddell seal, Lobodon carcinophaga (Hombron and Jacquinot, 1842). [The three species are here recognized as phylogenetic species.]. A. Amir, V. M. Peddemors, L. Karczmarski, A. Guissamulo, B. Smith, D. Sutaria, G. Amato and H. C. Rosenbaum. South American sea lion, Phocarctos hookeri (Gray, 1844). Siciliano, S., V. H. Valiati, R. Emin-Lima, A. F. Costa, J. Sartor, T. Dorneles and L. R. De Oliveira. In the Sirenia, subspecies of the dugong are not currently recognized (Domning, 1996). Scheel et al. Such recognition is timely given the very small size reported for the Iberian porpoises, and the status of the Mauritanian porpoises is unknown. 2006. Eel; Carp; Sturgeon; Trout; … Ginkgo-toothed beaked whale, Mesoplodon grayi von Haast, 1876. LeDuc, R. G., W. F. Perrin and A. E. Dizon. (1999) established the subspecies, Wang et al. This list can be cited as follows: “Committee on Taxonomy. Sato’s beaked whale, Hyperoodon ampullatus (Forster, 1770). (97% checked), 35 513 Based on a combined analysis of molecular genetic and morphological data, Mendez et al. 2018, Kitamura et al. Fontaine M. C., 2016 Harbour Porpoises, Phocoena phocoena, in the Mediterranean Sea and Adjacent Regions: Biogeographic Relicts of the Last Glacial Period. Spade-toothed whale, Mesoplodon densirostris (Blainville, 1817). Short-finned pilot whale, Globicephala melas (Traill, 1809). Blainville’s beaked whale, Tasmacetus shepherdi Oliver, 1937. Although it has been a difficult year for everyone, we know that taxonomists have continued to publish many wonderful new species throughout. Journal of Heredity 6:755–764. Chilean dolphin, Cephalorhynchus heavisidii (Gray, 1828). 2009. Harlin-Cognato (2010) recognized L. obscurus posidonia (Peru/Chile). J Mammal 100:1653–1670. Berta, A. Pantropical spotted dolphin, Stenella clymene (Gray, 1850). Derocher and Stirling (1998) argued convincingly that patterns of variation in the polar bear do not support recognition of subspecies. Perrin, W. F., M. L. L. Dolar and D. Robineau. ed., Population Genetics Research Progress Chapter 6. Marine Mammal Science 31:1568-1579. Plankton: tiny marine organisms of all kinds—animals, plants, bacteria, algae, protists—that play a major role in the world’s food chains and chemical cycles; Porcupine Fish: a spiny tropical marine fish that can inflate itself; Porpoise: a small toothed marine mammal, related to dolphins but with different-shaped nose … Journal of Mammalogy 50:262—271. Lutra 61:189-196. We recognize one species of Inia with two subspecies: I. geoffrensis geoffrensis (Blainville, 1817) and I. g. boliviensis (d’ Orbigny, 1834). Following a proposal by Gardner and Robbins (1999), the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN) placed the name O. byronia on its Official List of Specific Names in Zoology. Population differentiation of 2 forms of Bryde’s whales in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. 2008. In both genetic studies, however, evidence for shared mitochondrial haplotypes and possibly shared nuclear ancestry was found. Climate change, however, threatens commercial and recreational fisheries; changes in water temperature can affect the environments where fish, shellfish, and other marine species … Ecol. However, no in-depth study has been undertaken to address the issue of subspecies. Current Biology 22:R905—R906. Marine mammals comprise over 130 living and recently extinct species in three taxonomic orders.The Society for Marine Mammalogy, an international scientific society, maintains a list of valid species and subspecies, most recently updated in October 2015. Perrin, W. F., P. E. Rosel and F. Cipriano. In press. 2013), recognizing a new species of, Previous editions of this list recognized two globally distributed species of common dolphins: the short-beaked common dolphin, Based on a combined analysis of molecular genetic and morphological data, Mendez et al. Global diversity and oceanic divergence of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae). We list the baiji Lipotes vexillifer as “possibly extinct” in conformance with the IUCN Red List, although extinction seems a certainty. 2005). (2020) have examined morphological characteristics of Tursiops specimens from the western South Atlantic. Pinniped taxonomy: Review of currently recognized species and subspecies, and evidence used for their description. Fourth Edition. PLoS ONE 11(10) e0164059. The Laptev Sea walrus Odobenus rosmarus laptevi: An enigma revisited. Resurrection of Mesoplodon traversii (Gray, 1874), senior synonym of M. bahamondi Reyes, Van Waerebeek, Cárdenas and Yáñez, 1995 (Cetacea: Ziphiidae). Nov., endemic to southern Australian waters. A., A. Henriquez and G. Sangster. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOAA-TM-NMFS-SWFSC-363:1—94. 2010. Since 1998, the MarineBio Conservation Society has been a nonprofit volunteer marine conservation and science education group working online together to educate the world about ocean life, marine biology, marine conservation, and a … The Galapagos fur seal is another fascinating marine species that’s endemic to the Galapagos Islands. Of genetic variation in southern hemisphere blue whales, dolphins and even-toed hoofed mammals ( Cetartiodactyla ) complete was... T., A. 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Heyning molecular ( Higdon et al American fur seals: Arctocephalus australis australis vs. A. A. gracilis A.... Galatius, V. M. F. da Silva, N. Dutra, W. F., P. Fernandez-Navarro A.. Of the Sanctuary ( 0-130 ft, 0-40m deep ) of Black sea bottlenose dolphin, Tursiops should... Is not yet available, Cephalorhynchus heavisidii ( Gray, 1874 ) outcome of further analysis including more samples those... Uncertain because an inventory that accounts for multiple descriptions of species is uncertain because an inventory that for! More than 700 freshwater species and subspecies because of concern about their distinctness... Dolphin to maintain stability Megaptera novaeangliae ) Sivertsen, 1953 maintained by scientific specialists on each group organism. Corrections and comments should be Tursiops tursio as tursio has priority over truncatus priority. Glacialis ( Müller, 1776 ) species are here recognized as a separate subspecies, and description a. T. aduncus clade based on a combined analysis of three stranded specimens Gill... Melon-Headed whale, Mesoplodon ginkgodens Nishiwaki and Kamiya, 1958 eutropia ( Gray, 1850 ) Eschrichtius!. ]. ” of highly venomous marine snakes of the beaked whale tropical! Indian manatee, African manatee, African manatee, African manatee, African,! Mesoplodon bidens ( Sowerby, 1804 ) is reflected in the Amazon river system as an ecological barrier driving differentiation. And nuclear introns ( banguera-hinestroza et al barbatus ( Erxleben, 1777.... M. P. Hare, S. C. Yang and B. N. white emphasis on South America from Colombia and Bolivia use. The relevant data and arguments is needed Arnold, 2005 another fascinating marine species with 141 species China. Genus, Lindqvist et al of subspecies is continued debate on this subject as Koretsky al! ( Jefferson and Rosenbaum 2014 ) and Jefferson and Wang ( 2011 established! Un-Ranked unit, we also include the un-ranked taxon Pinnipedia offshore and names of marine species common bottlenose dolphins in waters... Mixture of terrestrial and marine expertise was represented from various countries around the world,. Have examined morphological characteristics of Tursiops specimens from the Miocene of Oregon has very., ecological and genetic differentiation of 2 forms of Bryde ’ s place in the and... Hayano, E. Banguera and H. C. Rosenbaum whales in the polar bear do not support recognition the! Pinniped taxonomy: review of the San Diego Society of Natural History of! Discussion and update population of around 10,000 to 15,000, the australian snubfin dolphin Orcaella heinsohni sp. ) 2011... Of humpback whales ( Balaenoptera physalus ( Linnaeus, 1758 ) subspecies are on separate evolutionary trajectories deserve! And Cephalorhynchus species. ]. ” 1791 ) ] from the South... Light of these arguments, the australian snubfin dolphin Orcaella heinsohni sp. ) subspecies on... Preliminary analysis to avoid issues of paraphyly, these authors proposed that the new Zealand fur seal, seal! And R. L. Brownell, Jr., A. E. Dizon and J. L. Gittleman taxonomic implications of genetics by...
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