The Government of Iceland established an embassy in Copenhagen and requested that Denmark carry out on its behalf certain defence and foreign affairs matters, subject to consultation with the Althing. List of localities. [further explanation needed] The ranking of geopolitical gains and losses after energy transition (GeGaLo Index) places Iceland first out of 156 countries, making it the main geopolitical winner in the global energy transition. [60] Early elections in 2016 resulted in a right-wing coalition government of the Independence Party, the Reform Party and Bright Future. ", "Tillaga til þingsályktunar um seinkun klukkunnar og bjartari morgna", "The Icelandic Welfare State and the Conditions of Children", Iceland to end capital controls from 2008 financial crisis. For many of us — of, shall we say, a certain age — our introduction to Iceland came from the classic videogame and TV show, Where in the World Is Carmen Sandiego?. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}65°N 18°W / 65°N 18°W / 65; -18. The government does allow citizens to home educate their children, however under a very strict set of demands. Statue of Thorfinn Karlsefni by Icelandic sculptor Einar Jónsson in Philadelphia, The writer Halldór Laxness by Einar Hákonarson, 1984, Traditional Icelandic turf houses. The government represents the Left Green Movement, the Independence Party and the Progressive Party The southwest corner of Iceland is by far the most densely populated region. The current legislation concerning playschools was passed in 1994. There are endless cities, towns and villages in Iceland. This time period is known as Jolabokaflod, the Christmas Book Flood. [151][152] In October 2008, the Icelandic parliament passed emergency legislation to minimise the impact of the financial crisis. Fun Fact: There is also an Arborg in Manitoba, Canada. It is also located within the capital region but it is the westernmost point of the region. Þorramatur is a selection of traditional cuisine consisting of many dishes, and is usually consumed around the month of Þorri, which begins on the first Friday after 19 January. The school year lasts nine months, beginning between 21 August and 1 September, ending between 31 May and 10 June. [158] By June 2012, Landsbanki managed to repay about half of the Icesave debt. [citation needed] Conflict with the United Kingdom led to a series of so-called Cod Wars, which included confrontations between the Icelandic Coast Guard and the Royal Navy over British fishermen: in 1952–1956 due to the extension of Iceland's fishing zone from 3 to 4 nmi (5.6 to 7.4 km; 3.5 to 4.6 mi), in 1958–1961 following a further extension to 12 nmi (22.2 km; 13.8 mi), in 1972–1973 with another extension to 50 nmi (92.6 km; 57.5 mi), and in 1975–1976 after another extension to 200 nmi (370.4 km; 230.2 mi). Examples of Icelandic Names and their meanings: Icelandic Names You Could Possibly Use. [79], Surtsey, one of the youngest islands in the world, is part of Iceland. The most widely recognized landmark is the famous Blue Lagoon but it is located only a few minutes driving from Reykjanesbær. [107], Iceland is a representative democracy and a parliamentary republic. In this article, we will explain the basics of the 10 biggest cities in Iceland and teach you a little about what makes each and every one of them special. These follow the person's given name, e.g. Davíð was removed on 26 February 2009 in the wake of protests outside the Central Bank. This waterfall is just half an hours drive from Reykjavik, or a short five … Snowfall in winter is more common in the north than the south. Sandvik (Iceland) Sandtoft (Lincs) Sanvic (Seine-Mar.) In the wake of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars, Iceland's struggle for independence took form and culminated in independence in 1918 and the founding of a republic in 1944. [28] In 2016, archeologists uncovered a longhouse in Stöðvarfjörður that has been dated to as early as 800. It was widely seen as a re-establishment of the assembly founded in 930 in the Commonwealth period, and temporarily suspended from 1799 to 1845. FACTBOX-What is the Icesave dispute all about? Kopavogur, Iceland’s second largest city, is located in the Capital … Some 500 Icelanders under the leadership of Erik the Red settled Greenland in the late 10th century. [156] In April 2010, the Icelandic Parliament's Special Investigation Commission published the findings of its investigation,[157] revealing the extent of control fraud in this crisis. It is the northernmost capital city of a Sovereign State in the world and one of the smallest capitals of Europe. The minimum number of school days was once 170, but after a new teachers' wage contract, it increased to 180. [83], Another large eruption occurred on 21 May 2011. Iceland has a universal health care system that is administered by its Ministry of Welfare (Icelandic: Velferðarráðuneytið)[211] and paid for mostly by taxes (85%) and to a lesser extent by service fees (15%). [34] The period of these early settlements coincided with the Medieval Warm Period, when temperatures were similar to those of the early 20th century. [209] Consequently, Icelanders refer to one another by their given name, and the Icelandic telephone directory is listed alphabetically by first name rather than by surname. Iceland has a relatively young population for a developed country, with one out of five people being 14 years old or younger. I feel like an idiot not being able to even say where we are trying to go. The distinctive rendition of the Icelandic landscape by its painters can be linked to nationalism and the movement for home rule and independence, which was very active in the mid-19th century. Egils saga, Laxdæla saga, Grettis saga, Gísla saga and Gunnlaugs saga ormstungu are also notable and popular Icelanders' sagas. After the rate hike, trading on the Icelandic króna finally resumed on the open market, with valuation at around 250 ISK per euro, less than one-third the value of the 1:70 exchange rate during most of 2008, and a significant drop from the 1:150 exchange ratio of the week before. [230], According to a poll conducted by the OECD, 66% of Icelanders were satisfied with their lives, while 70% believed that their lives will be satisfying in the future. On 31 December 1943, the Danish–Icelandic Act of Union expired after 25 years. See more about the climate and seasons in Iceland. [161] Iceland has 13,034 km (8,099 mi) of administered roads, of which 4,617 km (2,869 mi) are paved and 8,338 km (5,181 mi) are not. Hafnarfjörður is a vibrant village with a great town center with shops, restaurants and cafés. When he was about to depart, it started to snow. Iceland prospered during the Second World War. The pre-registration for visiting Iceland and screening tests for Covid-19. The head of government is the prime minister who, together with the cabinet, is responsible for executive government. Irish monastic saint Brendan ‘the navigator’ is said to have visited the country in the 6th century, long before the … It’s main shopping and restaurants street is Laugavegur in the postal code 101 but all around it you can find hidden gems. Possibly the best time to come to Siglufjörður is in the winter, when … Basically, anything you might need and locals are known to leave the town as little as possible. Independent music is strong in Iceland, with bands such as múm and solo artists. It is the most sparsely populated and the westernmost country in Europe. When his 3 years were up he went back to Iceland and immediately started talking up the new land he had been exploring. [207] Polish is mostly spoken by the local Polish community (the largest minority of Iceland), and Danish is mostly spoken in a way largely comprehensible to Swedes and Norwegians—it is often referred to as skandinavíska (i. e. Scandinavian) in Iceland.[208]. Due to the island's climate, fruits and vegetables are not generally a component of traditional dishes, although the use of greenhouses has made them more common in contemporary food. Possession of Iceland passed from the Kingdom of Norway (872–1397) to the Kalmar Union in 1415, when the kingdoms of Norway, Denmark and Sweden were united. is the first town we mention which is located far away from the Reykjavík but it is often named the capital of the North, stating its significance and size compared to the other settlements in the North. Afterwards he was put on trial and banished from Iceland for 3 years. Shop online at Iceland Groceries and explore award winning products and convenient delivery slots. Only when the party leaders are unable to reach a conclusion by themselves within a reasonable time span does the president exercise this power and appoint the cabinet personally. [159], According to Bloomberg, Iceland is on the trajectory of 2% unemployment as a result of crisis-management decisions made back in 2008, including allowing the banks to fail. After the destructive volcanic eruptions of the Laki volcano during 1783–1784, the population reached a low of about 40,000. Among 25- to 34-year-olds, only 69% have earned the equivalent of a high-school degree, significantly lower than the OECD average of 80%. [citation needed] It is also one of a few countries capable of producing hydrogen in adequate quantities at a reasonable cost, because of Iceland's plentiful renewable sources of energy. [214] Overall, the country's health care system is one of the best performing in the world, ranked 15th by the World Health Organization. In education, its use for Iceland's deaf community is regulated by the National Curriculum Guide. Three-quarters of Iceland's 100,000 square kilometres is affected by soil erosion, 18,000 km2 (6,900 sq mi) serious enough to make the land useless. In 2016, Prime Minister Sigmundur Davíð Gunnlaugsson resigned after being implicated in the Panama Papers scandal. [130] Based on the Gini coefficient, Iceland also has one of the lowest rates of income inequality in the world,[131] and when adjusted for inequality, its HDI ranking is 6th. The IDF, created at the request of NATO, came into existence when the United States signed an agreement to provide for the defense of Iceland. The largest town outside the southwest corner is Akureyri in northern Iceland. [246] The LazyTown studios are located in Garðabær. It is also located within the capital region but it is the westernmost point of the region. [27] The notion that Iceland's Viking settlers chose that name to discourage oversettlement of their verdant isle is a myth. The cabinet is appointed by the president after a general election to the Althing; however, the appointment is usually negotiated by the leaders of the political parties, who decide among themselves after discussions which parties can form the cabinet and how to distribute its seats, under the condition that it has a majority support in the Althing. The highest elevation for Iceland is listed as 2,110 m (6,923 ft) at Hvannadalshnúkur (64°00′N 16°39′W). The most widely recognized landmark is the famous. It is also the location of the capital Reykjavík, the northernmost national capital in the world. ", "Iceland parliament votes for gay marriage", Best and Worst Countries for Women, from Iceland to the U.S. to Pakistan and Afghanistan, Women's Empowerment: Measuring the Global Gender Gap, BBC News – Iceland 'best country for gender equality', "Literary Iceland Revels in Its Annual 'Christmas Book Flood, http://artsbeat.blogs.nytimes.com/2015/06/05/philharmonic-chooses-anna-thorvaldsdottir-for-emerging-composer-porgram/, "Vísindavefurinn: Hver er mest sótta heimasíðan á veraldarvefnum? [197] Improving living conditions have triggered a rapid increase in population since the mid-19th century—from about 60,000 in 1850 to 320,000 in 2008. The nation formally became a member of NATO on 30 March 1949, amid domestic controversy and riots. Quiz by beforever play quizzes ad-free ... iceland, icelandic, Matchable, nordic, Nordic Countries, Northern Europe. It’s a little out-of-the-way, being in the remote Westfjords in the far north of the country. [33] By 930, most arable land on the island had been claimed; the Althing, a legislative and judicial assembly, was initiated to regulate the Icelandic Commonwealth. Much Icelandic music is related to Nordic music, and includes folk and pop traditions. It truly is one of the best! Around 19,000 people (6% of the population) held foreign citizenship. The country subsequently became officially Lutheran and Lutheranism has since remained the dominant religion. ", "The Tiny Nation of Iceland Is Crushing the U.S. in Electing Female Politicians", "Democracy Index 2016 – Economist Intelligence Unit", Corruption Perceptions Index: Transparency International, Iceland set for coalition talks after government ousted, "What Type of Government Does Iceland Have? [38] The internal struggles and civil strife of the Age of the Sturlungs led to the signing of the Old Covenant in 1262, which ended the Commonwealth and brought Iceland under the Norwegian crown. Best Dining in Reykjavik, Capital Region: See 149,344 Tripadvisor traveler reviews of 501 Reykjavik restaurants and search by cuisine, price, location, and more. [56] It was quickly becoming one of the most prosperous countries in the world, but was hit hard by a major financial crisis. Ring Road, Golden Circle, Myvatn, Hot Spring, Waterfalls & Glacier Lagoon, 159 USD. [97] Whale watching has become an important part of Iceland's economy since 1997. Destination Iceland, an island nation in the North Atlantic Ocean, between Europe and North America. So parents have to select names for this list or seek permission from the special committee if their chosen name is not on the list. High School precinct in Akureyri. The surrounding towns and villages are Njarðvík, Grindavík and Sandgerði but the municipality is located on the lava covered Reykjanes Peninsula. Many of the Icelandic names have letters that only exist in the Icelandic alphabet. Although Iceland has had great success qualifying for Eurobasket, they have not managed to win a single game in the European Basketball final stages. Several other Icelandic men and women artists studied at Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts at that time, including Ásgrímur Jónsson, who together with Þórarinn created a distinctive portrayal of Iceland's landscape in a romantic naturalistic style. It has become a very popular programme for children and adults and is shown in over 100 countries, including the Americas, the UK and Sweden. [53], Iceland joined the European Economic Area in 1994, after which the economy was greatly diversified and liberalised. For its size, Iceland imports and translates more international literature than any other nation. [145] The corporate tax rate is a flat 18%, one of the lowest in the world. Iceland runs almost completely on renewable energy. In 1946, the US Defence Force Allied left Iceland. How else would the name of the city of Reykjavík become a household word to 6- to 12-year-olds? As a female name Kari means Black haired one in Gaelic, or Nordic Free … [58] The centre-right Independence Party was returned to power in coalition with the Progressive Party in the 2013 election. The daily newspapers are Morgunblaðið and Fréttablaðið. More than 70 percent of Iceland's population live in the southwest corner (Greater Reykjavík and the nearby Southern Peninsula), which covers less than two percent of Iceland's land area. The closest bodies of land in Europe are the Faroe Islands (530 km). Throughout the 19th century, the country's climate continued to grow colder, resulting in mass emigration to the New World, particularly to the region of Gimli, Manitoba in Canada, which was sometimes referred to as New Iceland. USD. Rifle shooting became very popular in the 19th century with the encouragement of politicians and nationalists who were pushing for Icelandic independence. See also about Scandinavian names ... *oo* matches names which contain oo _ is a wildcard that matches ... (a state based around the city of Kiev). The planting of new forests has increased the number of trees, but the result does not compare to the original forests. After the German occupation of Denmark on 9 April 1940, the Althing replaced the King with a regent and declared that the Icelandic government would take control of its own defence and foreign affairs. As of 2009[update], Iceland had 3.7 doctors per 1,000 people (compared with an average of 3.1 in OECD countries) and 15.3 nurses per 1,000 people (compared with an OECD average of 8.4). Kópavogur is a town in Iceland located within the capital region right next to Reykjavik. In 1874, Denmark granted Iceland a constitution and limited home rule. USD. Similarly, 83% reported having more positive experiences in an average day than negative ones, compared to an OECD average of 72%, which makes Iceland one of the happiest countries in the OECD. As a result, there is a limit on how many restaurants and grocery shops you can find in each town, as well as hotels. Despite its proximity to the Arctic, the island's coasts remain ice-free through the winter. [200] Large-scale construction projects in the east of Iceland (see Kárahnjúkar Hydropower Plant) have also brought in many people whose stay is expected to be temporary. [220] According to an OECD assessment, the amount of toxic materials in the atmosphere is far lower than in any other industrialised country measured.[221]. Property rights are strong and Iceland is one of the few countries where they are applied to fishery management. [107] Nevertheless, Iceland's education system is considered excellent: the Programme for International Student Assessment ranks it as the 16th best performing, above the OECD average. Just recently the locals have started opening up restaurants and cafés with delicious food but it isn’t long ago that the only place to get a restaurant meal in Garðabær was in IKEA. In 2005, 293 people moved from Iceland to Norway; in 2009, the figure was 1,625. This biggest town of the municipality is Neskaupsstaður but the biggest town in the Eastfjords is Egilsstaðir, but it stands on its own. This is evident from literary evidence dating from the settlement period as well as from later scientific studies such as blood type and genetic analyses. [185] Three exploration licenses were awarded but all were subsequently relinquished.[186]. Kjarval in particular is noted for the distinct techniques in the application of paint that he developed in a concerted effort to render the characteristic volcanic rock that dominates the Icelandic environment. and can’t be missed if you are exploring the Ring Road. Lessons take place five days a week. In winter Icelanders flock to Akureyri to test the slopes of Hlíðarfjall and in summer they occupy the local swimming pool renowned for being one of the best in Iceland. [68] The largest lakes are Þórisvatn reservoir: 83–88 km2 (32–34 sq mi) and Þingvallavatn: 82 km2 (32 sq mi); other important lakes include Lagarfljót and Mývatn. The major towns are the capital city of Reykjavík, along with its outlying towns of Kópavogur, Hafnarfjörður, and Garðabær, nearby Reykjanesbær where the international airport is located, and the town of Akureyri in northern Iceland. [190] Students must adhere closely to the government mandated curriculum, and the parent teaching must acquire a government approved teaching certificate. Infant mortality is one of the lowest in the world,[217] and the proportion of the population that smokes is lower than the OECD average. [59] In the following years, Iceland saw a surge in tourism as the country became a popular holiday destination. [253], CCP Games, developers of the critically acclaimed EVE Online and Dust 514, is headquartered in Reykjavík. ", New View on the Origin of First Settlers in Iceland. [78], With the widespread availability of geothermal power, and the harnessing of many rivers and waterfalls for hydroelectricity, most residents have access to inexpensive hot water, heating, and electricity. Reykjavik. [149] Iceland's public debt has decreased since the economic crisis, and as of 2015[update] is the 31st-highest in the world by proportion of national GDP.[150]. They did it in both 2015 and 2017. [57] Iceland's economy stabilised under the government of Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir, and grew by 1.6% in 2012. The interior consists of a plateau characterised by sand and lava fields, mountains, and glaciers, and many glacial rivers flow to the sea through the lowlands. [260] Puffin is considered a local delicacy that is often prepared through broiling. [48] A month later, British armed forces conducted Operation Fork, the invasion and occupation of the country, violating Icelandic neutrality. Swimming is popular in Iceland. [145] Like other welfare states, taxpayers pay various subsidies to each other, but with spending being less than in most European countries. USD, 109 City & Town Name Generator. He had achieved a total of 41, including 33 performance based Guinness World Records by 2020.[269][270][271][272][273]. They recorded a draw against later winners Portugal in the group stage, and defeated England 2–1 in the round of 16, with goals from Ragnar Sigurðsson and Kolbeinn Sigþórsson. 1 = All cities with a population of 20,000 or more. In 2017, Icelanders were divided into religious groups as follows: Iceland is a very secular country; as with other Nordic nations, church attendance is relatively low. Illustration about Outline detailed map with city names. [98], Around 1,300 species of insects are known in Iceland. Icelanders are avid consumers of literature, with the highest number of bookstores per capita in the world. [184], On 22 January 2009, Iceland announced its first round of offshore licences for companies wanting to conduct hydrocarbon exploration and production in a region northeast of Iceland, known as the Dreki area. Garðar departed the following summer but one of his men, Náttfari, decided to stay behind with two slaves. Elísabet Jónsdóttir ("Elísabet, Jón's daughter" (Jón, being the father)) or Ólafur Katrínarson ("Ólafur, Katrín's son" (Katrín being the mother)). She retired from office in 1996. Following his death she ruled as regent for her son for 18 years. [114] These are the actual second-level subdivisions of Iceland, as the constituencies have no relevance except in elections and for statistical purposes. [255] The United Nations International Telecommunication Union ranks the country third in its development of information and communications technology, having moved up four places between 2008 and 2010. "[108] It has 63 members, elected for a maximum period of four years.[109]. [29], Swedish Viking explorer Garðar Svavarsson was the first to circumnavigate Iceland in 870 and establish that it was an island. [228], In contrast to other Nordic countries, Icelanders place relatively great importance on independence and self-sufficiency; in a public opinion analysis conducted by the European Commission, over 85% of Icelanders believe independence is "very important", compared to 47% of Norwegians, 49% of Danes, and an average of 53% for the EU25. Icelandic Statistics. The bus can be a bit tricky if staying in Garðabær so it is better for those who have a rental car. It is located right on the famous Ring Road and can’t be missed if you are exploring the Ring Road. Name Population Latitude/Longitude; 1: Reykjavik , Capital Region: 118,918: 64.135 / -21.895: 2: Kopavogur , Capital Region: 31,719 [107] This high level of social cohesion is attributed to the small size and homogeneity of the population, as well as to a long history of harsh survival in an isolated environment, which reinforced the importance of unity and cooperation. Centuries of isolation have helped to insulate the country's Nordic culture from external influence; a prominent example is the preservation of the Icelandic language, which remains the closest to Old Norse of all modern Nordic languages. Today’s Icelandic baby names. [93] Marine mammals include the grey seal (Halichoerus grypus) and harbor seal (Phoca vitulina). The street art is also a distinctive factor in the overall look of Reykjavík and some artists have been paid a great deal to decorate the city center. ", "A 2016 football moment to remember: Iceland light up Euro 2016", "Tee Off in the Midnight Sun of Reykjavík", "Team Uniting Nations On Pace To Shatter A World Record In Rowing | Huffington Post", "Freezing Temps and Rotting Hands: Speaking With the Men of the Record-Breaking Polar Row Expedition", "Impossible Row team achieve first ever row across the Drake Passage", Icelandic Government Information Center & Icelandic Embassies, Sovereign states and dependencies of Europe, autonomous country of the Kingdom of Denmark, Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Convention on the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, Special administrative regions of the People's Republic of China, Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Iceland&oldid=999133219, Member states of the European Free Trade Association, States and territories established in 1944, Articles with dead external links from March 2020, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from May 2016, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia pages semi-protected against vandalism, Articles containing Icelandic-language text, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from June 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2016, Articles containing potentially dated statements from June 2012, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2016, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2015, Articles containing potentially dated statements from August 2019, Articles lacking reliable references from October 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from March 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2012, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2006, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2009, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from October 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2008, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Source 1: Icelandic Meteorological Office, Source 2: All Icelandic weather station climatic monthly means. [266] Iceland hosts an annual international golf tournament known as the Arctic Open played through the night during the summer solstice at Akureyri Golf Club. With a fertility rate of 2.1, Iceland is one of only a few European countries with a birth rate sufficient for long-term population growth (see table below). [238] The Flood begins with the Iceland Publisher's Association distributing Bokatidindi, a catalog of all new publications, free to each Icelandic home.[238]. Siglufjörður. Officially the Republic of China, participates as ", This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 17:18. Most of the towns do not have a long history, as Iceland was an agricultural society for centuries. Iceland is the world's 18th-largest island, and Europe's second-largest island after Great Britain. Its name describes it pretty well as Falljökull is a giant, massive icefall dropping down the mountains, crashing its way towards the ocean. 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